Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

At present, individuals rely heavily on their electronic devices, including personal computers, laptops, and smartphones, to navigate their daily routines. They effortlessly utilize these devices to fulfil their desires.
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Be it ordering food or any other necessity. For instance, mobile applications like Gojek or Grab enable us to conveniently satisfy our hunger. With a simple tap on the screen and a short wait, our desired items are delivered right to our doorstep.

What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity acts as a line of defence against cybercrime, such as attacks attempting to breach, access, or damage data, or targets attempting to harm any sensitive or non-sensitive issues of a business organization. Cybersecurity is also responsible for preventing attacks that aim to disable or disrupt a system’s or device’s operations.


Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting your computer systems, data, networks, mobile devices, and other electronic systems from malicious attacks.


Cybersecurity is used widely by different companies to stay protected from hackers, ransomware attacks, financial losses, and data breaches.

Types of Cyber Attacks:

There are different types of dangerous cyber-attacks organizations can face; some of these are listed here.

  • DNS poisoning attacks:

it is the act of entering false or wrong information in the DNS cache to generate incorrect query responses and lead users to unknown and wrong websites.

  • Malware attacks:

Are software designed exclusively to destroy computers and computer systems. Some examples of malware include viruses, worms, spyware, adware, and ransomware.

  • Form jacking:

This is a type of cyber-attack in which an attacker inserts malicious JavaScript code into a webpage form, typically a payment page, and directly extracts information from the user for misuse.

  • Backdoors:

Are a means to access a computer system or encrypted data that bypasses the system’s customary security mechanisms.

  • Crytojacking:

Cryptojacking is the illegal use of others’ computer resources to mine cryptocurrency. Desktops, servers, cloud infrastructure, and more are all hacked by hackers to illicitly mine for crypto coins..

  • Phishing:

Phishing attacks rely on communication methods like email to convince you to open the message and follow the instructions inside. If you follow the attackers’ instructions, they gain access to personal data, such as credit cards, and can install malware on your device.

  • Spoofing:

Cyber attackers will sometimes imitate people or companies to trick you into giving up personal information. This can happen in different ways. A common spoofing strategy involves using a fake caller ID, where the person receiving the call doesn’t see that the number is falsified. Other spoofing methods include subverting facial recognition systems, using a fake domain name, or creating a fake website.

  • Ransomware:

Ransomware is malicious software that cyber attackers can install on your device, allowing them to block your access until you pay the attackers a ransom. However, paying the ransom doesn’t guarantee the removal of the software, so experts often advise individuals not to pay the ransom if possible.

  • Man-in-the-middle attack:

MITM attacks involve hackers inserting themselves into a two-person online transaction. Once in, the hackers can filter and steal desired data. MITM attacks often happen on unsecured public Wi-Fi networks.

  • Denial-of-service attack:

A denial-of-service attack causes an entire device or operating system to shut down by overwhelming it with traffic, causing it to crash. Attackers don’t often use this method to steal information. Instead, it costs the victim time and money to get their systems up and running again. Cybercriminals typically use this method when the target is a trade organization or government entity.

Why is Cybersecurity Important?

In today’s digital world, one cannot ignore cybersecurity. One single security breach can lead to exposing the personal information of millions of people. These breaches have a strong financial impact on the companies and the loss of the trust of customers. Hence, cyber security is very essential to protect businesses and individuals from spammers and cyber criminals.


With new technology, from self-driving cars to internet-enabled home security systems, the dangers of cybercrime become even more serious. So, it’s no wonder that international research and advisory firm Gartner predicts worldwide security spending will hit $188.1 billion in 2023. Gartner also predicts the market will reach $288.5 billion by 2027.


  1. Cyber security is responsible for finding the most effective ways to protect software, and networks, as well as conducting tests and analyzing risks that arise.
  2. Build and maintain company security systems. Whether it’s for installing firewalls, testing security systems, testing the security of a network, or developing automation scripts that can track an incident.
  3. Play a role when a security incident or cyber-attack occurs. In addition, incident responders also have a big responsibility in educating and preventing similar incidents from occurring.
  4. Responsible like a detective from the police. So, cyber security is required to be able to access and analyze evidence from various things, starting from data storage devices, networks, or computers.
  5. Checking the effectiveness or not of a cyber security system from a company. It also provides solutions to improve systems that are safer from potential cyber-attacks.

How does cybersecurity work?

Cybersecurity is a multifaceted system employing technologies and protocols to safeguard digital assets. It deploys stringent access controls to limit access to authorized users. Firewalls and Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) monitor network traffic, using predefined rules and anomaly detection to thwart threats.


Encryption converts data into an unreadable format, ensuring confidentiality. Endpoint security, including antivirus and intrusion prevention, guards against malware and unauthorized access. Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) tools enable real-time threat detection.

There are different types of cybersecurity:

Network Security

Network security covers hardware and software mechanisms that protect the network and infrastructure from disruptions, unauthorized access, and other abuses. Effective network security protects organizational assets against a wide range of threats from within or outside the organization.

Application Security

Application security covers the implementation of different defenses in an organization’s software and services against a diverse range of threats. This sub-domain requires cyber security experts to write secure code, design secure application architectures, implement robust data input validation, and more, to minimize the chance of unauthorized access or modification of application resources.

Cloud Security

Cloud security relates to creating secure cloud architectures and applications for companies that use cloud service providers like Amazon Web Services, Google, Azure, Rackspace, etc.

It means to Maintaining data security in cloud platforms through encryption and access controls.

Identity Management and Data Security

This subdomain covers activities, frameworks, and processes that enable authorization and authentication of legitimate individuals to an organization’s information systems. These measures involve implementing powerful information storage mechanisms that secure the data, whether in transition or residing on a server or computer. In addition, this sub-domain makes greater use of authentication protocols, whether two-factor or multi-factor.


Internet of Things (IoT) Security: IoT is the concept of connecting any device to the internet and other connected devices. The IoT is a network of connected things and people, all of which share data about the way they are used and their environments, according to IBM. These devices include appliances, sensors, televisions, routers, printers, and countless other home network devices.


Cybersecurity is the key to making your business malware and attack-free. We are racing towards a world where everything will soon become digital with little to no human involvement, and in such conditions, we will become more prone to cyber-attacks and other unethical cyber-crimes. Every business should think of this as a very critical issue and take it very seriously. A proper safety plan should be involved in their technical systems and machines.

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